The guns and their history: Battle of Cape Esperance

On the night of the 11th of october 1942, the Japanese naval forces sent a convoy (2 seaplane carriers and 6 destroyers) to their forces at Guadalcanal; while in a separate operation 3 cruisers and 2 destroyers under the command of Rear Admiral Goto attempted to bombard the Allied airfield at Guadalcanal (called by the allies, the Henderson Field) in order to destroy the airplanes and their air base facilities. 

Four cruisers and five US destroyers, led by Rear Admiral Scott, intercepted the Japanese fleet near the island of Savo, near Guadalcanal. They sank one of the cruisers and one of the destroyers, mortally injured, Goto and the rest of the ships were forced to escape. Meanwhile, the Japanese provisions convoy managed to unload at Guadalcanal without being discovered by Scott's fleet. The next day, four destroyers of the convoy returned to assist the damaged Goto warships and the American planes of the Henderson Field attacked them and sank two of these destroyers. 

Despite Scott's victory, the battle had few immediate strategic consequences. Two nights later, two Japanese battleships bombed and almost destroyed Henderson Field, and many Japanese reinforcements were successfully landed on the island.

Learn more about one of the best-known battles of World War II. We also recommend this interesting video on the Battle of Savo Island, precedent of the Battle of Cape Esperanza in the campaign of Guadalcanal:



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